Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • fig. S1. Comparison of the relative concentrations of apatite and whitlockite between the aortic intima and the media.
  • fig. S2. VCA on Raman spectroscopy images and relevant histology images.
  • fig. S3. Raman spectra of pure commercial powders.
  • fig. S4. Depth-dependent profiles of β-carotene, elastin, collagen, and actin in the aortic intima and media based on VCA results, normalized to the maximum for each component.
  • fig. S5. Representative comparison within one donor, for the relative concentrations of major components within the aortic intima and media.

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