Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

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  • Supplementary Text
  • fig. S1. Advantage of CGM over prevalent glucose monitoring and treatment.
  • fig. S2. Thin and flexible biocompatible paper battery.
  • fig. S3. Schematic of high-density HA penetration promoting filtration of glucose in the blood.
  • fig. S4. Glucose biosensing principle.
  • fig. S5. Different patterns for glucose biosensing dual electrode.
  • fig. S6. Bending stiffness (that is, flexibility) as a function of device thickness.
  • fig. S7. SEM micrographs of electrochemical deposited PB on different gold electrodes.
  • fig. S8. PB sediments after the ECD of O-PB that are not attached to the electrodes.
  • fig. S9. PB thickness measurement.
  • fig. S10. Twenty times of CV scan (−0.05 to 0.35 V versus reference electrode at a scan rate of 50 mV/s).
  • fig. S11. Bode plot of O-Au, N-Au, O-PB, and N-PB scan frequency of 1 × 10−2 to 1 × 10−4 Hz.
  • fig. S12. Electrochemical characterization of the N-PB after 2 months’ storage.
  • fig. S13. Mechanical property measurement of O-PB and N-PB.
  • fig. S14. Biosensing device calibration experiment of high-density glucose.
  • fig. S15. CV scan (−0.05 to 0.35 V versus reference electrode at a scan rate of 50 mV/s) of the device in four-time repeated glucose calibration experiments.
  • fig. S16. Influence of pH value and temperature change on device’s performance.
  • fig. S17. Skin surface temperature measurement in 20 min at room temperature with a Pt temperature sensor.
  • fig. S18. Skin surface condition.
  • Legend for movie S1

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • movie S1 (.mp4 format). ROSE transfer printing.

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