Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • fig. S1. Chromatogram of product solution obtained by the dehydration of fructose.
  • fig. S2. CO chemisorption isotherms for the 5% Pt/C catalyst.
  • fig. S3. Image showing the separation of catalyst, solvent, and crystallized FDCA.
  • fig. S4. PDA chromatogram of freeze-dried FDCA.
  • fig. S5. Gas chromtography–mass spectrometry analysis of freeze-dried FDCA.
  • fig. S6. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis of freeze-dried FDCA.
  • fig. S7. Differential scanning calorimetry curve of freeze-dried FDCA.
  • fig. S8. Process block flow diagram for the integrated FDCA production strategy.
  • fig. S9. Safety in the oxidation reactor.
  • table S1. Product composition after fructose dehydration using FDCA as a dehydration catalyst.
  • table S2. Product concentration before and after removal of humins by adsorption.
  • table S3. Characterization of the Pt/C catalyst.
  • table S4. Results for HMF oxidation reactions over the 5% Pt/C catalyst (under 40-bar O2 pressure and 383 K).
  • table S5. Mass and energy balances (basis: 500 metric tons of fructose per day).
  • table S6. Energy requirements (basis: 500 tons of fructose per day).
  • table S7. Capital and operating costs (basis: 500 metric tons of fructose per day).
  • table S8. List of economic parameters and assumptions.
  • table S9. Effect of transport resistance and O2 pressure on HMF oxidation over a Pt/C catalyst.
  • References (29–34)

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