Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Additional Methodological Details and Results
  • table S1. List of specimens used in the study.
  • table S2. List of anatomical landmarks and semilandmarks used in the GMM analyses.
  • table S3. Ecological attributes of species analyzed.
  • table S4. Summary of sensitivity analyses of PGLS regression using different phylogenetic tree topology and branch length configurations.
  • table S5. Area and volume attributes of the theoretical morphed models analyzed.
  • table S6. Output values of FE simulations in the “bending test” analysis.
  • table S7. Output values of FE simulations in the “temporalis-driven” analysis.
  • table S8. Output values of FE simulations in the “masseter-driven” analysis.
  • table S9. List of the highest mechanical demands from food items experienced by each carnivoran species, ranked on the basis of stiffness and density.
  • fig. S1. Anatomical landmarks used in the GMM analyses.
  • fig. S2. Main analysis.
  • fig. S3. Sensitivity analysis 1.
  • fig. S4. Sensitivity analysis 2.
  • fig. S5. Sensitivity analysis 3.
  • fig. S6. Sensitivity analysis 4.
  • fig. S7. Sensitivity analysis 5.
  • fig. S8. Sensitivity analysis 6.
  • fig. S9. Sensitivity analysis 7.
  • fig. S10. Sensitivity analysis 8.
  • fig. S11. Sensitivity analysis 9.
  • fig. S12. Contour plot of the first two PC axes against life history and environmental variables.
  • fig. S13. 3D plots of PC scores of cranial shape data.
  • fig. S14. Plot of mean annual precipitation versus mean annual temperature of species studied.
  • References (69–72)

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