Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • section S1. Computational details to the coupled channels rescattering simulations
  • section S2. Effects of adiabatic polarization on the electronic structure
  • section S3. Experimental methods
  • section S4. Data analysis
  • section S5. Determination of the alignment distribution
  • section S6. Confidence interval of the deconvoluted molecular-frame properties
  • section S7. SFA analysis of photoelectron rescattering in the presence of symmetries
  • fig. S1. Electric field (black line) of the 800-nm pulse with a total duration of 4.4 fs and a peak intensity of 3 × 1013 W/cm2.
  • fig. S2. Channel- and polarization-resolved rescattering probability in the molecular frame for the D0 channel (blue) and the D1 channel (red) of 1,3- butadiene.
  • fig. S3. Electric field mimicking a half-cycle 800-nm pulse with a peak intensity of 3 × 1013 W/cm2 used for the SFI simulations (see Fig. 3B in the main text).
  • fig. S4. Influence of adiabatic polarization on the Dyson orbitals for the two lowest ionization channels of 1,3-butadiene (D0 and D1).
  • fig. S5. Measured parent ion (C4H+6) yield as a function of the laboratory-frame angle α′ between the linear polarizations of the alignment and the SFI beams, for maximally aligned molecules (Δt = 58 ps).
  • fig. S6. Number of counts on the ion detector as a function of the ion time of flight and the spatial impact position in molecular beam direction (x).
  • fig. S7. Determination of the alignment distribution present in the experiment.
  • table S1. Overlap of adiabatically polarized cationic many-electron wave functions D0(F), D1(F) in 1,3-butadiene with the corresponding field-free wave functions D0, D1.
  • References (39–42)

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