Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • section S1. Discrepancy about the measurements of spin Hall angle and spin diffusion length for Pt and Pd
  • section S2. Negligible contribution of spin rectification effect, self-spin pumping, and thermal effect
  • section S3. Failure of the fitting with SML model
  • section S4. Failure of the fitting with interface transparency model
  • section S5. Thickness-dependent resistivity among different systems
  • section S6. Calculation of the spin Hall angle of Pd
  • fig. S1. Spin Hall angle θSH versus spin diffusion length λsd for Pt and Pd in literatures.
  • fig. S2. Comparison of the normalized voltage obtained with single FM layer and FM/Pd bilayer.
  • fig. S3. Failure of the fitting with SML model.
  • fig. S4. NM layer thickness dependence of NM resistivity obtained from different combinations.
  • fig. S5. Calculated spin Hall angle of Pd as a function of temperature.
  • fig. S6. Calculated spin Hall conductivity and spin Hall angle as a function of resistivity.
  • table S1. Summary of the parameters used and obtained with the fitting for the data shown in fig. S3.
  • table S2. Summary of the parameters used and obtained with the fitting for the data shown in fig. S4.
  • References (41–70)

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