Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Methods and Definitions
  • table S1. Location, chronology, and references for sites depicted in Fig. 2.
  • table S2. Ratio of individual craniodental specimens of Pongo to cercopithecoids and hylobatids from Pleistocene sites (using number of craniodental specimens), and ratio of densities of Pongo to cercopithecoids and hylobatids from modern localities (using densities of individuals per square kilometers).
  • table S3. References for faunal and age assessments used to determine the ecological conditions at fossil sites depicted in Fig. 3.
  • table S4. References for major events included in Fig. 4.
  • table S5. Anthropogenic orangutan study sites and key findings from each.
  • References (100–173)

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