Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • section S1. Launching a cloud-hosted iMD session
  • section S2. User study data
  • section S3. Platform design
  • section S4. Qualitative analysis of participants’ subjective feedback
  • fig. S1. Distribution of round-trip latencies, measured from Bristol to each of the cloud data centers.
  • fig. S2. User study results.
  • fig. S3. Screenshots of a user’s view from within VR carrying out the nanotube task.
  • fig. S4. User’s view of the molecular manipulation application when using either a mouse or touchscreen.
  • fig. S5. Number of participants (y axis) self-reporting their attitudes on the importance of depth perception, navigating the virtual space, and controlling molecules with two hands.
  • table S1. Self-reported familiarity with the VR and tablet platforms on a Likert scale.

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • movie S1 (.mp4 format). Sampling molecular conformational dynamics in VR (
  • movie S2 (.mp4 format). Interactively sampling dynamical pathways of benzylpenicillin binding to β-lactamase (

Files in this Data Supplement: