Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

  • The PDF file includes:
    • Legends for tables S1 to S10
    • Fig. S1. Geographic distribution of total CWR (mm H2O year−1) of Indian cereals in irrigated lands.
    • Fig. S2. Geographic distribution of the fraction of total CWR of Indian cereals in irrigated lands met by blue water.
    • Fig. S3. Map of states based on 1966 boundaries.
    • Fig. S4. Time series of Indian cereal production and extent.
    • Fig. S5. Kharif production fractions by crop.
    • Fig. S6. Comparison of blue water use and nutrient yields of kharif (monsoon) cereals.
    • Fig. S7. District-level water savings of scenario 1 (rice replacement with the lowest total WFP cereal).
    • Fig. S8. Changes in nutrient production under scenario 1 (lowest total WFP).
    • Fig. S9. Current rice yield and yield differences of replacing crop on irrigated croplands.
    • Fig. S10. Ratio of most consumed alternative kharif cereal to rice.
    • Fig. S11. Iron as an example of change in per-capita nutrient production.
    • Fig. S12. Map of climate zones.

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  • Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:
    • Table S1 (Microsoft Excel format). CWRs by district (mm H2O year−1) for rainfed and irrigated crops.
    • Table S2 (Microsoft Excel format). National production changes for kharif (monsoon) cereals under replacement scenarios.
    • Table S3 (Microsoft Excel format). Cumulative water savings and changes in nutritional output from replacement scenarios.
    • Table S4 (Microsoft Excel format). Outcomes and descriptions of rice replacement scenarios.
    • Table S5 (Microsoft Excel format). Cereal consumption by crop and by district.
    • Table S6 (Microsoft Excel format). State-level yields of kharif crops and outcomes of rice replacement scenarios.
    • Table S7 (Microsoft Excel format). Crop-specific nutrient content reported in the National Institute of Nutrition’s Indian Food Composition Tables.
    • Table S8 (Microsoft Excel format). List of crop coefficient (kc) values disaggregated by crop, climate zone, and month.
    • Table S9 (Microsoft Excel format). State-level planting dates (month) for each cereal crop and growing season.
    • Table S10 (Microsoft Excel format). Rooting depths for rainfed and irrigated crops as reported by Siebert and Döll (37).

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    Files in this Data Supplement: