Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Further high-resolution CL images of chondrules
  • Section S2. Preliminary CL spectral analyses
  • Section S3. CL and EBSD in chondrules
  • Section S4. Vapor-liquid-solid epitaxial growth mechanism
  • Section S5. Phase diagram, nucleation, growth, Ostwald-Miers region, and seeding
  • Section S6. Epitaxial growth mode in chondrules
  • Section S7. Cartoons showing the inferred chondrule formation steps
  • Fig. S1. CL image abbreviations used in the text and figures.
  • Fig. S2. CL images of porphyritic chondrules from various chondrites.
  • Fig. S3. CL images of barred chondrules from various chondrites.
  • Fig. S4. CL spectral analysis of chondrule Mg-rich olivines.
  • Fig. S5. CL activator distribution in Mg-rich olivines in porphyritic olivine chondrules.
  • Fig. S6. Crystallographic fabrics of Mg-rich olivines in porphyritic olivine chondrule ch4 of Vigarano CV3.
  • Fig. S7. Crystallographic fabrics of Mg-rich olivines in porphyritic olivine chondrule ch4 of Vigarano CV3.
  • Fig. S8. Intracrystalline misorientations for Mg-rich olivine grains, as determined by EBSD.
  • Fig. S9. Epitaxial growth crystallization in a simplified binary diagram.
  • Fig. S10. Principal modes of epitaxial growth resulting mainly from competition between surface/interface energies.
  • Fig. S11. Cartoons showing the inferred chondrule formation steps.
  • Table S1. Examples of chemical composition of representative Mg-rich olivines and their associated phases from chondrule of Yamato 81020.
  • References (5153)

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