Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

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  • Fig. S1. TGA analyses.
  • Fig. S2. SEM and TEM images of CM-x/Co samples.
  • Fig. S3. TEM images of oPD-derived CMs prepared with different TMSs.
  • Fig. S4. SEM and TEM images of SiO2-templating CMs.
  • Fig. S5. Characterizations of CM-oPD/Co/SBA-15, and CM-Phen/Co/SBA-15.
  • Fig. S6. STEM-EDS elemental mapping images of CM-DCD/Co and CM-DCD/Co/SiO2.
  • Fig. S7. STEM-EDS elemental mapping images of CM-oPD/Co and CM-oPD/Co/SiO2.
  • Fig. S8. STEM-EDS elemental mapping images of CM-BTH/Co and CM-BTH/Co/SiO2.
  • Fig. S9. XPS survey spectra of the DBrPhen/Co(NO3)2 precursor and its carbonization products obtained at 200° to 500°C.
  • Fig. S10. GPC result of the sample that prepared by heating DBrPhen with Co(NO3)2 at 250°C for 0.5 hours under N2.
  • Fig. S11. Images of dispersing carbonization product obtained by heating DBrPhen with Co(NO3)2 at 400°C for 2 hours under N2.
  • Fig. S12. UV-vis absorption spectra for DBrBTh and the carbonization product obtained by heating BTh/Co(NO3)2 at 200°C for 0.5 hours under N2.
  • Fig. S13. The structures of four SOMs that could not be converted into CMs.
  • Fig. S14. XRD patterns of CM-Phen/Co, CM-Phen/Co/SiO2, CM-DBrPhen/Co, and CM-DBrPhen/Co/SiO2.
  • Fig. S15. Detailed characterizations of CM-Phen/Co and CM-Phen/Co/SiO2 catalysts.
  • Fig. S16. Detailed characterizations of CM-DBrPhen/Co and CM-DBrPhen/Co/SiO2 catalysts.
  • Fig. S17. The poisoning experiments for ethylbenzene oxidization and nitrobenzene hydrogenation.
  • Fig. S18. Catalytic performance for selective oxidization of ethylbenzene using O2 as the oxidant and hydrogenation of nitrobenzene using H2 as the reductant.
  • Fig. S19. The poisoning experiments for HER.
  • Fig. S20. Tafel curves of CM-DBrPhen/Co/SiO2 and commercial Pt/C catalyst.
  • Fig. S21. Electrocatalytic performance of CMs for ORR in acidic medium.
  • Fig. S22. HER polarization curves of CM-oPD/Co/SiO2 and CM-oPD/CoCu/SiO2 in 0.5 M H2SO4.
  • Table S1. Summary of carbon yield, texture properties, elemental composition of CMs prepared with Co(NO3)2 as the catalyst.
  • Table S2. Carbon yields of oPD with different TMSs as catalysts.
  • Table S3. Carbon yields of oPD with different amounts of Co(NO3)2 as catalysts.
  • Table S4. Summary of carbon yield, texture properties, and elemental composition of CMs prepared with Co(NO3)2 as the catalyst and SiO2 nanoparticles as hard templates.
  • Table S5. HER performance comparison.
  • Note S1. The proposed mechanism for different microstructures of CM-x/Co samples.
  • Note S2. Synthesis of high–surface area CMs from SOMs with SBA-15 as templates.
  • Note S3. Detailed characterization analysis of CM-Phen/Co, CM-Phen/Co/SiO2, CM-DBrPhen/Co, and CM-DBrPhen/Co/SiO2.
  • Note S4. Electrocatalytic performance of CMs for ORR.
  • References (5565)

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