Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • Table S1. List of 74 pairs of avian taxa with geographic replacements across the lower Rio Negro included in this study.
  • Table S2. Taxon pairs bounded by the Rio Negro used to test simultaneous divergence scenarios using an hABC approach, including sample sizes of each population and summary statistics (scaled by base pair).
  • Table S3. Taxon pairs bounded by the Rio Branco used to test simultaneous divergence scenarios using an hABC approach, including sample sizes of each population and summary statistics (scaled by base pair).
  • Table S4. Twelve pairs of taxa bounded by the Rio Negro for which a scenario of single diversification was supported by an hABC sequential approach, including their time since divergence and phylogenetic relationships.
  • Fig. S1. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Psophia, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S2. Time-calibrated tree of the Megascops watsonii complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S3. Time-calibrated tree of the Phaethornis superciliosus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S4. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Topaza, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S5. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Thalurania, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S6. Time-calibrated tree of the Black-throated Trogon (Trogon rufus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S7. Time-calibrated tree of the Amazonian Motmot (Momotus momota), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S8. Time-calibrated tree of the Galbula albirostris complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S9. Time-calibrated tree of the Paradise Jacamar (Galbula dea), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S10. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Monasa, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S11. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Capito, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S12. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Ramphastos, with emphasis on the R. tucanus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S13. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Ramphastos, with emphasis on the R. vitellinus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S14. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Selenidera, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S15. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Pteroglossus, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S16. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Veniliornis, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S17. Time-calibrated tree of the Yellow-throated Woodpecker (Piculus flavigula), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S18. Time-calibrated tree of the Celeus torquatus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S19. Time-calibrated tree of the Celeus elegans complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S20. Time-calibrated tree of the Celeus undatus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S21. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Brotogeris, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S22. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Pyrilia, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S23. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Epinecrophylla, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S24. Time-calibrated tree of the Pygmy Antwren (M. brachyura) complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S25. Time-calibrated tree of the White-flanked Antwren (M. axillaris), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S26. Time-calibrated tree of the Grey Antwren (Myrmotherula menetriesii), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S27. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Isleria, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S28. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Mouse-colored Antshrike (Thamnophilus murinus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S29. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Amazonian Antshrike (Thamnophilus amazonicus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S30. Time-calibrated tree of the Fasciated Antshrike (C. lineatus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S31. Time-calibrated tree of the Spot-backed Antbird (Hylophylax naevius), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S32. Time-calibrated tree of the Spot-winged Antbird (Myrmelastes leucostigma), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S33. Time-calibrated tree of the Black-faced Antbird (Myrmoborus myotherinus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S34. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Percnostola, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S35. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Cercomacra with emphasis on C. cinerascens, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S36. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Cercomacroides with emphasis on C. tyrannina, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S37. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Hypocnemis, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S38. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Pithys, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S39. Time-calibrated tree of the Willisornis complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S40. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Gymnopithys, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S41. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Myrmothera, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S42. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Dendrocincla with emphasis on D. fuliginosa, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S43. Time-calibrated tree of the White-chinned Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla merula), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S44. Time-calibrated tree of the Olivaceous Woodcreeper (Sittasomus griseicapillus) species complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S45. Time-calibrated tree of the Wedge-billed Woodcreeper (Glyphorynchus spirurus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S46. Time-calibrated tree of the Xiphorhynchus ocellatus species complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S47. Time-calibrated tree of the Xiphorhynchus guttatus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S48. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Campylorhamphus, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S49. Time-calibrated tree of the L. albolineatus complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S50. Time-calibrated tree of the Dendrocolaptes certhia complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S51. Time-calibrated tree of the Short-billed Leaftosser (Sclerurus rufigularis), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S52. Time-calibrated tree of the Plain Xenops (Xenops minutus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S53. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Automolus, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S54. Time-calibrated tree of the Ruddy Spinetail (Synallaxis rutilans), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S55. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Tyranneutes, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S56. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Lepidothrix, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S57. Time-calibrated tree of the Blue-backed Manakin (Chiroxiphia pareola), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S58. Time-calibrated tree of the Royal Flycatcher (Onychorhynchus coronatus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S59. Time-calibrated tree of the Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher (Terenotriccus erythrurus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S60. Time-calibrated tree of the Schiffornis turdina species complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S61. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Iodopleura, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S62. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Phoenicircus, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S63. Time-calibrated tree of the Wing-barred Piprites (Piprites chloris), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S64. Time-calibrated tree of the Golden-crowned Spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S65. Time-calibrated tree of the Yellow-margined Flycatcher (Tolmomyias assimilis), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S66. Time-calibrated tree of the Grey-crowned Flycatcher (Tolmomyias poliocephalus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S67. Time-calibrated tree of the White-eyed Tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus zosterops), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S68. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Zimmerius, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S69. Time-calibrated tree of the Tawny-crowned Greenlet (Tunchiornis ochraceiceps), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S70. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Pachysylvia, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S71. Time-calibrated tree of the genus Microcerculus, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S72. Time-calibrated tree of the Coraya Wren (Pheugopedius coraya), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S73. Time-calibrated tree of the Fulvous-crested Tanager (Tachyphonus surinamus), indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • Fig. S74. Time-calibrated tree of the Euphonia cayennensis species complex, indicating crown age, phylogenetic relationship, and location of geographic break of the two replacing forms in the Guiana Shield.
  • References (70101)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Supplementary Appendix (.pdf format). List of tissue samples and voucher specimens for each taxon (including subspecies when relevant) with their general collecting locality.

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