Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Performance of the 1-cm2 PSCs.
  • Fig. S2. Geometrical FFs and equivalent circuits of the PSC modules.
  • Fig. S3. Scheme of ion redistribution when applying forward bias and galvanostatic DC measurements.
  • Fig. S4. The J-V curves of the PSC module and SCR.
  • Fig. S5. Photograph and PL mapping images of the PSC module.
  • Fig. S6. Certificated I-V curve and performance parameters of the PSC module.
  • Fig. S7. Stability test for the PSC modules using CFNs.
  • Fig. S8. PSC modules with various charge transport layers.
  • Table S1. Performance parameters of the large-area PSC modules with different total areas.
  • Table S2. Performance parameters of the 1.21-cm2 PSC module using CFNs.

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