Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Archaeological context information
  • Fig. S1. Radiocarbon dating and diet.
  • Fig. S2. Nucleotide misincorporation patterns at last 30-bp sequences.
  • Fig. S3. PCA with modern populations.
  • Fig. S4. Outgroup f3 statistics.
  • Fig. S5. PCA with Bronze Age individuals.
  • Fig. S6. PCA with Paleolithic and Mesolithic individuals.
  • Fig. S7. PCA with Neolithic individuals.
  • Fig. S8. PCA with Chalcolithic individuals.
  • Fig. S9. PCA with Iron Age individuals.
  • Fig. S10. ADMIXTURE analysis.
  • References (5660)

Download PDF

Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Table S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Archaeological information for individuals used in this study.
  • Table S2 (Microsoft Excel format). Stable isotope and radiocarbon dating results information for individuals used in this study.
  • Table S3 (Microsoft Excel format). Sequencing statistics and mitochondrial variants for individuals sequenced in this study.
  • Table S4 (Microsoft Excel format). Mitochondrial contamination estimates for individuals sequenced in this study.
  • Table S5 (Microsoft Excel format). Ancient sample data set details including the number of SNPs overlapping with modern reference.
  • Table S6 (Microsoft Excel format). Outgroup f3 statistics for individuals sequenced in this study.
  • Table S7 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Srubnaya and Andronovo, Afanasievo, and Sintashta.
  • Table S8 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Srubnaya-Alakulskaya tested as a single population or individuals and Karasuk and other Bronze Age populations.
  • Table S9 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Srubnaya-Alakulskaya tested as a single population or individuals and Yamnaya and other Bronze Age populations.
  • Table S10 (Microsoft Excel format). Diversity estimates in Bronze Age populations.
  • Table S11 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Cimmerians, Scythians, and other ancient populations.
  • Table S12 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Cimmerians, Sarmatians, and other ancient populations.
  • Table S13 (Microsoft Excel format). F3 support for different components changing with time in Cimmerians as observed in ADMIXTURE.
  • Table S14 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Srubnaya/Srubnaya-Alakulskaya and Andronovo, Afanasievo, and Sintashta.
  • Table S15 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Scythians tested as population, Yamnaya, and other Bronze Age populations.
  • Table S16 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Cimmerians tested as a population, Srubnaya/Srubnaya-Alakulskaya, and other Bronze Age populations.
  • Table S17 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics of multiway comparisons of individuals form the study together with Srubnaya.
  • Table S18 (Microsoft Excel format). Summary f4 statistics between Sarmatians and other Bronze Age populations.

Download Tables S1 to S18

Files in this Data Supplement: