Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Contact angle measurement of the polymer precursor and LE on the different substrates.
  • Fig. S2. GC-MS of mixed gases.
  • Fig. S3. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry curves of LiPF6.
  • Fig. S4. Effect of H2O content on polymerization.
  • Fig. S5. Polymerization mechanism of DOL induced by LiPF6.
  • Fig. S6. XPS spectra of LiPF6 and GPE.
  • Fig. S7. 13C NMR spectrum of PDXL (deuterated chloroform as solvent).
  • Fig. S8. FTIR spectrum of PDXL.
  • Fig. S9. Characteristic changes of GPE during the whole polymerization progress.
  • Fig. S10. EIS curves of the GPE with various DME content in the precursors.
  • Fig. S11. Volatilization property of GPE and LE.
  • Fig. S12. Thermal analysis of the PDXL and polyethylene oxide (PEO).
  • Fig. S13. Electrochemical tests of the Li-Cu batteries with GPE and LE.
  • Fig. S14. Cross-sectional SEM image of the as-prepared cathode and separator soaked with GPE.
  • Fig. S15. EIS and anode SEM images of Li-S batteries with GPE and LE.
  • Fig. S16. XPS of the Li anodes of the Li-S batteries with GPE and LE after 50 cycles at 0.5 C.
  • Fig. S17. Self-discharge tests and soft-package Li-S battery.
  • Fig. S18. Charge/discharge curves of LiFePO4|LE|Li battery.
  • Fig. S19. Mechanical property of GPE with a special shape at room temperature.
  • Table S1. Polymerization conversion rate of DOL in the electrolyte from monomer to polymer.
  • Table S2. Ion conductivity of GPE with various DME content in the precursors.

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Contact angle measurement of polymer precursor and LE on cathode substrates.

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