Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Programmable folding of monolayer nanocomposites
  • Section S2. Body size effect on flagellated microswimmers
  • Section S3. Characterization of the magnetization profile
  • Section S4. Analytical solution for an actuated elastic filament in a viscous fluid
  • Section S5. Elastic helical filament passing through a constriction
  • Section S6. Programmable shape transformation of monolayer structures
  • Fig. S1. Characterization of the folding mechanism of monolayer structures.
  • Fig. S2. Experimental platform.
  • Fig. S3. Effects of the machine body size on the precession.
  • Fig. S4. Characterization of the magnetic properties of the programmable nanocomposites using vibrating sample magnetometry measurements.
  • Fig. S5. Deformation of a flexible filament actuated from one end.
  • Fig. S6. Characterization of the elastic helix passing through the mechanical constraint.
  • Fig. S7. Characterization of the mechanical properties of hydrogel with various swelling properties.
  • Fig. S8. Coiling and uncoiling mechanism of self-folding monolayer structure.
  • Fig. S9. Measured viscosity of the media with varying concentration of sucrose.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S7
  • References (4447)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Role of body plan on maneuverability.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). Contribution of tail for stabilization during maneuvers.
  • Movie S3 (.mp4 format). Dynamically recording the magnetization profile.
  • Movie S4 (.mp4 format). Gait adaptation of tubular microswimmers with an elastic tail.
  • Movie S5 (.mp4 format). Shape adaptation in curved channels under axial flow with a rate of 2 ml/min.
  • Movie S6 (.mp4 format). Shape transformation in a constriction under an axial flow with a rate of 5 ml/min.
  • Movie S7 (.mp4 format). Polymorphism of helix programmed by tuning the material composition.

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