Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Frequency of compound extreme events and impacts on carbon uptake for different extreme levels.
  • Fig. S2. GPP and TER anomalies as a function of VPD and soil water content.
  • Fig. S3. Coupling of temperature and SM and their impacts on carbon uptake across the 66 flux tower sites.
  • Fig. S4. Coupling of VPD and temperature across the 66 flux tower sites.
  • Fig. S5. Distribution of VPD and SM in historical simulations (1871–1970).
  • Fig. S6. Distribution of VPD and SM in future simulations (2001–2100).
  • Fig. S7. Spearman correlation coefficient between VPD and SM in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S8. SD of SM variability (SMv) in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S9. Difference in PMF between historical and future simulations.
  • Fig. S10. Comparison of VPD and SM thresholds between historical and future simulations.
  • Fig. S11. Difference in anomalies of GPP, TER, and NEP between historical and future simulations.
  • Fig. S12. Anomalies of GPP, TER, and NEP due to extreme high VPD in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S13. Anomalies of GPP, TER, and NEP due to extreme low SM in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S14. Additional effects of extreme high VPD and low SM on TER in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S15. Additional effects of extreme high VPD and low SM on GPP in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S16. Anomalies of GPP, TER, and NEP due to extreme high VPD and low SM in CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S17. PMF in CMIP5 models.
  • Table S1. Information on the 66 flux tower sites from the FLUXNET2015 Dataset.
  • Table S2. Model ensembles from the CMIP5 experiments.
  • Table S3. A list of possible bivariate copula families.

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