Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Note S1. A theoretical model for ruling out marine-biogenic source contribution.
  • Note S2. A theoretical model for the degradation of WSOC and WIOC in the South Asian outflow.
  • Note S3. A conceptual aging model for the joint time and wavelength dependence of MACWS-BrC.
  • Note S4. Absorption measurements of MACWS-BrC and AAE.
  • Note S5. Estimating the imaginary part of the refractive index of WS-BrC.
  • Note S6. Testing a putative effect of pH on WS-BrC optical properties over the South Asian region.
  • Fig. S1. Air mass clusters during SAPOEX-16.
  • Fig. S2. Fractional contribution of air mass clusters during SAPOEX-16.
  • Fig. S3. Concentrations of EC, OC, and WSOC during SAPOEX-16.
  • Fig. S4. Imaginary part of the refractive index (KWS-BrC) at 365 nm.
  • Fig. S5. Asserting the peripheral contribution of marine-biogenic sources at MCOH during SAPOEX-16.
  • Fig. S6. Testing a putative effect of pH on WS-BrC optical properties.
  • Fig. S7. Constraining the mixing of WSOC sources on WS-BrC light absorption in the South Asian outflow.
  • Fig. S8. Degradation of WSOC and WIOC during long-range transport in the South Asian outflow.
  • Table S1. Concentrations (mean ± SD) and element mass ratios of carbonaceous species during SAPOEX-16.
  • Table S2. pH of aerosol WSOC extracts during SAPOEX-16.

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