Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

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  • Supplementary Text
  • Fig. S1. Global maps of the mammal and bird hotspots in this study (shown in red).
  • Fig. S2. DR estimates are correlated across the pseudoposterior distribution and also correlate with BAMM estimates.
  • Fig. S3. Age of colonization in hotspots and non-hotspots.
  • Fig. S4. Empirically estimated in situ cladogenetic rates in hotspots and non-hotspots differ from rates estimated in “control areas” with similar size and spatial structure to the real hotspots.
  • Fig. S5. Empirically estimated dispersal rates from hotspots to non-hotspots (H → N) and from non-hotspots to hotspots (N → H) differ from rates estimated in control areas with similar size and spatial structure to the real hotspots.
  • Fig. S6. Similar differences in contiguity of hotspot and non-hotspot cells across biogeographic realms.
  • Fig. S7. Species richness-based hotspots and narrow ranged species-based hotspots are poor in ancient lineages and sometimes rich in recent lineages.
  • Fig. S8. Contrasting macroevolutionary routes in species richness-based hotspots and non-hotspots and in narrow ranged species-based hotspots and non-hotspots.
  • Fig. S9. Example of simulating control hotspots.
  • Table S1. DR and BAMM produce consistent differences between hotspot and non-hotspot regions.
  • Table S2. Total size and proportion of hotspot cells across biogeographic realms.
  • Table S3. Mean of median distances (kilometer) of each cell to every neighboring cell of the same class with a radius of 1000 km is shown for hotspots and non-hotspots for mammals and birds.
  • Table S4. Overlap of WE-based hotspots with SR- and NRS-based hotspots.
  • Table S5. Model fit of BioGeoBEARS in six biogeographic realms.

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