Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Morphological and cross-sectional characterization of graded doped HTLs.
  • Fig. S2. Optical and magnetic field characterization of the perovskite thin films interfaced with a different configuration of HTLs.
  • Fig. S3. PV characterization of PSCs with different thicknesses of tetracene in graded doped HTLs configuration.
  • Fig. S4. Device statistics.
  • Fig. S5. Hysteresis behavior of graded doped HTL-based PSCs at different scan rates.
  • Fig. S6. Device stability.
  • Fig. S7. The current-voltage characteristic as a function of light intensity for PSCs with different HTL configurations.
  • Fig. S8. Temperature-dependent SCLC charge transport characterization of hole-only PSCs.
  • Fig. S9. EIS of PSCs with different HTL configurations.
  • Fig. S10. Typical capacitive response of the perovskite layers interfaced with different HTLs.

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