Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Highly hydrophilic cellulose demonstrating directional fluidic transport.
  • Fig. S2. Composition results of the natural wood and the wood membrane after step I and II treatments.
  • Fig. S3. The mechanical tensile strength for the densified and undensified samples.
  • Fig. S4. Current-voltage characteristics of the membrane infiltrated multiple times with 10−5 M KCl solution.
  • Fig. S5. Tensile strength of the membranes that underwent different dry-wet cycles.

Download PDF

Files in this Data Supplement: