Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Water absorption measurements at 1540 nm.
  • Fig. S2. Features observed during the ice pattern development in a 13-μm-thick 10% sucrose solution under 1540-nm irradiation (14 W/cm2) at T = −2°C.
  • Fig. S3. Ice pattern formation observed under other conditions.
  • Fig. S4. Ice pattern formation in 20% sucrose solution.
  • Fig. S5. Ice pattern formed in a pure water sample.
  • Fig. S6. Ice pattern formation at lower temperatures.
  • Fig. S7. A demonstration of ice crystals growth in a sucrose solution not subjected to NIR irradiation.
  • Fig. S8. Ice pattern formation at a high ink concentration.
  • Fig. S9. Ice oscillations in an 80-μm-thick pure water sample under 1540-nm irradiation (20 W/cm2) at T = −1.9°C.
  • Fig. S10. 2D axisymmetric simulations of multiple ice crystals, with an axis of symmetry at r = 0 and a cold stage on the bottom right side.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S12

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Labyrinth ice pattern formation.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). Single hole periodic dynamics.
  • Movie S3 (.mp4 format). An ice crystal with multiple holes.
  • Movie S4 (.mp4 format). Microchannel formation in an ice crystal.
  • Movie S5 (.avi format). Ice pattern in pure water.
  • Movie S6 (.avi format). Skeleton characterization of a single ice crystal (part A).
  • Movie S7 (.avi format). Skeleton characterization of a single ice crystal (part B).
  • Movie S8 (.mp4 format). A demonstration of Ostwald ripening.
  • Movie S9 (.mp4 format). Ice pattern formation at a high ink concentration.
  • Movie S10 (.mp4 format). Ice temporal oscillations.
  • Movie S11 (.mp4 format). Pattern formation under water-selective irradiation.
  • Movie S12 (.mp4 format). Pattern formation under halogen illumination.

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