Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Overview micrographs
  • Section S2. Energy transfer from a 60-keV electron to a moving carbon atom
  • Section S3. EELS characterization of P and Al dopants
  • Section S4. Comparison of cNEB curves of various elements
  • Section S5. Primary knock-on space
  • Section S6. Ovoid modification by atom vibration (Doppler amplification effect)
  • Section S7. Atomic engineering: Manipulation decision tree
  • Section S8. Method of calculating experimental cross section
  • Fig. S1. STEM image of P-doped graphene.
  • Fig. S2. Energy transfer to vibrating carbon atom.
  • Fig. S3. EELS of P and Al dopant.
  • Fig. S4. cNEB curves.
  • Fig. S5. Construction of PKS.
  • Fig. S6. Selective dynamics by tilting beam.
  • Fig. S7. Ovoid modification by vibration.
  • Fig. S8. Decision tree for atomic engineering.
  • Fig. S9. Selective dynamics from 55-77 structure back to honeycomb.

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