Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. PL responses of reference samples.
  • Fig. S2. PL mapping of carbon-doped WS2, Raman and PL of heavily carbon-doped WS2.
  • Fig. S3. XPS analyses of the carbon-doped WS2.
  • Fig. S4. VBM spectra of the carbon-doped WS2.
  • Fig. S5. UV-vis spectra of the carbon-doped WS2.
  • Fig. S6. Complementary band structures and DOS of monolayer pristine WS2 and carbon-doped WS2.
  • Fig. S7. Experimental STEM examples and identification of sulfur monovacancies and carbon dopant in pristine and carbon-doped WS2 monolayers.
  • Fig. S8. Band diagram showing the change in Fermi level pinning.
  • Fig. S9. Transfer and output characteristics of a carbon-doped WS2–based FET (@8 sccm CH4).
  • Table S1. Local strain of WS2 with premade single vacancies and different ligands on C atoms and dopant positions.

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