Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Assignment of 632 landraces to genetic groups.
  • Fig. S2. PCoA calculated with 8741 haplotypes on landraces.
  • Fig. S3. Isolation by distance.
  • Fig. S4. Geographical projection of the frequency of rare alleles and singletons in landraces.
  • Fig. S5. Temporal evolution of the worldwide genetic diversity.
  • Fig. S6. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Europe.
  • Fig. S7. Frequency of major haplotype groups in the MED.
  • Fig. S8. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Middle East and Central Asia.
  • Fig. S9. Frequency of major haplotype groups in South Eastern Asia.
  • Fig. S10. Frequency of major haplotype groups in China.
  • Fig. S11. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Africa.
  • Fig. S12. Frequency of major haplotype groups in America.
  • Fig. S13. Frequency of major haplotype groups in the United States.
  • Fig. S14. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Oceania.
  • Fig. S15. Proportion of the 11 groups among the landraces, traditional cultivars, and modern varieties from different regions of the world.
  • Table S1. Description of the eight subpopulations of landraces.
  • Table S2. Pairwise comparisons of five subpopulations of landraces westward of the Fertile Crescent.
  • Table S3. Pairwise comparisons of five subpopulations of landraces eastward of the Fertile Crescent.
  • Table S4. Description of the 11 groups of accessions.
  • Table S5. Main SVs (>5 Mb) detected in the wheat genome.
  • Legends for data files S1 to S3

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