Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Methods
  • Comparison of surface carbon and oxygen with observations
  • Fig. S1. Circulation and carbon isotope distribution in the PI and LGM simulations.
  • Fig. S2. Nitrogen isotope distribution and EP in the LGM.
  • Fig. S3. Carbon decomposition for the LGM equilibrium simulation.
  • Fig. S4. Comparison of simulated and observed air-sea disequilibrium.
  • Fig. S5. Simulated AOU and radiocarbon age.
  • Fig. S6. Effect of circulation changes on radiocarbon (ΓC) and ideal mean (Γ) age.
  • Fig. S7. Response of LGM ocean carbon cycle to PI perturbations.
  • Fig. S8. Physical and biological impacts of sea ice changes on carbon storage.
  • Fig. S9. Effect of temperature and iron changes on carbon storage.
  • Fig. S10. Change in dissolved oxygen concentration (ΔO2) in the PI-to-LGM perturbation experiments.
  • References (4567)

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