Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • Fig. S1. Inorganic nutrient concentrations measured along the Mediterranean Sea and East Atlantic Ocean.
  • Fig. S2. Retinal oxime reextraction test.
  • Fig. S3. Concentrations of retinal oxime in Vibrio sp. AND4 extracted using hydroxylamine under different light conditions.
  • Fig. S4. Retinal extraction time optimization in Vibrio sp. AND4.
  • Fig. S5. Number of retinal molecules (as retinal oxime) measured in the Vibrio sp. AND4 wild-type (wt) and in the knockout mutant strain (Δprd).
  • Fig. S6. Concentration of rhodopsin-bound retinal (as retinal oxime) measured in surface waters collected in January 2015 at station SPOT.
  • Fig. S7. Contribution of the potential energy captured by PRs at different depths.
  • Table S1. Summary of treatments used to optimize the extraction and detection of retinal, retinal oxime, and Bchl-a.
  • Table S2. Transformation of retinal into retinal oxime using all-trans retinal standards.
  • Table S3. Light wavelength characteristics.
  • Table S4. Parameters used to calculate the light energy captured shown in Figs. 3 and 5.
  • Table S5. Parameters used to calculate the cellular daily energy yield per photosystem shown in Fig. 5 and data S1.
  • Legend for data S1
  • References (4555)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Data S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Detailed sampling measurements and calculations obtained in the Mediterranean Sea and East Atlantic Ocean from 30 April to 28 May 2014.

Files in this Data Supplement: