Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Sea-level forcing effect on ice sheet–ice shelf evolution.
  • Fig. S2. High mantle viscosity/ocean forcing simulation.
  • Fig. S3. Southern Ocean freshwater forcing effect.
  • Fig. S4. LGM (20 ka) results of the subshelf melt rate (ssmr)–back pressure (bp) experiments.
  • Fig. S5. PD (0 ka) results of the ssmr-bp experiments.
  • Fig. S6. Moderate ocean/atmosphere simulation.
  • Table S1. Subshelf mass flux–sea ice back pressure sensitivity experimental setup.
  • Table S2. Model parameters used in the deglacial climate-forcing experiments.

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