Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Transmittance test of click-ionogels in the visible range.
  • Fig. S2. 1H NMR characterization of BVIm-BF4.
  • Fig. S3. 1H NMR characterization of IL-BF4.
  • Fig. S4. 1H NMR characterization of poly(ionic liquid)s (PIL-BF4).
  • Fig. S5. Preparation of ionic cross-linked gels.
  • Fig. S6. Preparation of covalently cross-linked gels.
  • Fig. S7. FT-IR spectra of precursor solution before and after the polymerization.
  • Fig. S8. SSNMR spectra of PEGDA and click-ionogel.
  • Fig. S9. Mechanism of Wijs method.
  • Fig. S10. The storage moduli (G′) and loss moduli (G″) of ionic cross-linked CH3OH gels and ionic cross-linked IL-BF4 gels.
  • Fig. S11. The interaction energy of polyacid-based BTCA with PIL-BF4 and IL-BF4 calculated via DFT, respectively.
  • Fig. S12. Photos of PC organogels, EG organogels, and click-ionogels ignited by flames.
  • Fig. S13. SEM microimages of click-ionogels before and after drying-out treatment.
  • Table S1. The physicochemical properties of ILs with different cations and anions.
  • Table S2. Gelation time of covalent cross-linking network gel using TEA as catalyst at 25°C.
  • Table S3. The effect of the molar ratio of PETA to PEGDA on mechanical properties of click-ionogels.
  • Table S4. Summary of the temperature range of different gels.

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Anti-freezing properties of click-ionogel.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). Gels ignited by flame.

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