Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

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  • Supplementary Text
  • Section S1. EUV photoelectron spectrometer and eBE distribution of esolv in methanol at the delay time of 100 ps
  • Section S2. Retrieval of eKE distribution before inelastic scattering
  • Section S2.1. Energy-dependent transmission efficiency T(E) at liquid-gas interface
  • Section S2.2. Influence of T(E) on estimated yield of esolv
  • Section S3. Retrieval method
  • Section S3.1. Basis functions
  • Section S3.2. Determination of expansion coefficients
  • Section S3.3. Transformation of gi(E) to Gi(E)
  • Section S3.4. Compatibility of the basis functions among three solvents
  • Section S3.5. Influence of the number of basis functions on spectral retrieval
  • Section S4. Results of least squares fitting determining the expansion coefficients
  • Section S4.1. CTTS reaction from I to ethanol, methanol, and water
  • Section S4.2. Internal conversion of eaq
  • Section S5. Comparison of kinetic time constants of original and retrieved spectra
  • Section S5.1. Global fitting results of the spectra measured for CTTS reaction from I to ethanol, methanol, and water
  • Section S6. Deconvolution of cross-correlation function from the observed time-energy map
  • Fig. S1. Ultrafast EUV photoelectron spectroscopy of liquids.
  • Fig. S2. Influence of T(E) on color map and yield.
  • Fig. S3. An example of retrieving process.
  • Fig. S4. Influence of T(E) on retrieving results.
  • Fig. S5. Comparisons of PKE spectra resulting from same eKE distribution among three solvents.
  • Fig. S6. Dependence of spectral retrieval on the number of basis functions.
  • Fig. S7. Fitting of photoemission signal obtained for NaI ethanol solution as a function of delay time between pump (226 nm) and probe (260 nm) pulses.
  • Fig. S8. Fitting of photoemission signal obtained for NaI methanol solution as a function of delay time between pump (226 nm) and probe (260 nm) pulses.
  • Fig. S9. Fitting of photoemission signal obtained for aqueous NaI solution as a function of delay time between pump (226 nm) and probe (260 nm) pulses.
  • Fig. S10. Fitting of photoemission signal obtained for internal conversion of eaq at 84 fs.
  • Fig. S11. Fitting of photoemission signal obtained for internal conversion of eaq as a function of delay time between pump (720 nm) and probe (270 nm) pulses.
  • Fig. S12. Global fit of the original and retrieved spectra of CTTS reaction from I to ethanol.
  • Fig. S13. Global fit of the original and retrieved spectra of CTTS reaction from I to methanol.
  • Fig. S14. Global fit of the original and retrieved spectra of CTTS reaction from I to water.
  • Table S1. Basis function used in the retrieval of the spectra of CTTS reactions from I in three solvents.
  • Table S2. Basis function used in the retrieval of the spectra of internal conversion of eaq.
  • Table S3. Number of basis functions used for simulation shown in fig. S6 and their energy spacings.
  • Table S4. Fitting parameters obtained by global fitting of the spectra of CTTS reactions from I in three solvents.
  • References (3538)

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