Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Legend for movie S1
  • Section S1. Sensitivity analysis
  • Section S2. The sensitivity parameter Sitot
  • Section S3. Statistical analysis of shrinkage coefficient in active layer
  • Fig. S1. Results of sensitivity analyses.
  • Fig. S2. Statistical analysis of shrinkage coefficient.
  • Table S1. Input and output of uncertainty quantification.
  • Table S2. Statistical test results on differential swelling coefficient measurements.
  • References (4347)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Time-lapse video of large-scale wood bilayer actuation.

Files in this Data Supplement: