Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • CG-MD simulations model and methods
  • Table S1. Zeta potentials and diameters of all six types of particles.
  • Fig. S1. The workflow for preparing the binary supraballs.
  • Fig. S2. Normal reflectance of nine types of supraballs in Fig. 1.
  • Fig. S3. An SEM image of a typical broken film made of a mixture of 139- and 219-nm SPs.
  • Fig. S4. Cross-sectional images of supraballs (interior) made of 219-nm SPs and 217-nm SMPs with varied mixing volume ratios.
  • Fig. S5. Normal reflectance measurements of binary supraball and films.
  • Fig. S6. The volume changes of different droplets over time during the pendant droplet measurements.
  • Fig. S7. Surface and interfacial tension measurements.
  • Fig. S8. TEM images of ~400-nm SPs and M-SPs.
  • Fig. S9. Particle-particle pair correlation functions from experiment (circles) and simulations (lines) for films made of ~220-nm SP/SMPs mixtures.
  • Fig. S10. Particle-particle pair correlation functions from simulations for a binary SP/SMP film with (solid lines) and without (dashed lines) a 17-nm Gaussian uncertainty in particle x-y positions.
  • Fig. S11. Illustration of particle-interface potential for 220-nm SPs (yellow solid line) and 220-nm SMPs (blue dashed line).
  • Fig. S12. Schematic of the later stages of supraball assembly.
  • Fig. S13. Examples of particle position tracking analysis on SEM images.
  • Fig. S14. Schematic of the simulation box geometry for film and supraball assembly.
  • Fig. S15. Distributions of particle sizes and their effect on the particle-particle pair correlation function in simulations.
  • Fig. S16. Pe effect on the simulations.
  • References (56, 57)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). A representative movie of the supraball assembly simulations.

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