Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Text
  • Fig. S1. Forest plot of the effect of pollinator richness on pollination for individual studies.
  • Fig. S2. Forest plot of the effect of natural enemy richness on pest control for individual studies.
  • Fig. S3. Direct and indirect landscape simplification effects on ecosystem services via changes in richness and abundance or richness and evenness.
  • Fig. S4. Direct and cascading landscape simplification effects on final crop production via changes in natural enemy richness, abundance evenness, and pest control (all sites together, with and without insecticide application).
  • Fig. S5. Forest plot of the effect of landscape simplification on natural enemy abundance for individual studies.
  • Fig. S6. Mediation model.
  • Fig. S7. Direct and indirect effects of pollinator richness, abundance, and evenness (with honey bees) on pollination.
  • Fig. S8. Direct and cascading landscape simplification effects on area-based yield via changes in richness, and ecosystem services.
  • Table S1. List of 89 studies considered in our analyses.
  • Table S2. Model output for richness–ecosystem service relationships.
  • Table S3. Model output for path models testing direct and indirect effects (mediated by changes in abundance) of richness on ecosystem services.
  • Table S4. Model output for path models testing direct and indirect effects (mediated by changes in evenness) of richness on ecosystem services.
  • Table S5. Model output for path models testing direct and indirect effects (mediated by changes in richness) of landscape simplification on ecosystem services.
  • Table S6. Model output for path models testing the direct and cascading landscape simplification effects on ecosystem services via changes in richness and abundance.
  • Table S7. Model output for path models testing the direct and cascading landscape simplification effects on ecosystem services via changes in richness and evenness.
  • Table S8. Model output for path models testing the direct and cascading landscape simplification effects on final crop production via changes in richness, evenness, and ecosystem services.
  • Table S9. Model output for path models testing the direct and cascading landscape simplification effects on final crop production via changes in richness, abundance, and ecosystem services.
  • Table S10. Model output for path models testing direct and indirect effects of pollinator richness, abundance, and evenness (with honey bees) on pollination.
  • Table S11. Results of pairwise comparison of richness–ecosystem service relationships according to the methods used to sample pollinators and natural enemies.
  • Table S12. Results of pairwise comparison of richness–ecosystem service relationships according to the methods used to quantify pollination and pest control services.
  • References (66111)

Download PDF

Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Database S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Data on pollinator and natural enemy diversity and associated ecosystem services compiled from 89 studies and 1475 locations around the world.

Files in this Data Supplement: