Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Cyclic voltammogram recorded on Ag substrate.
  • Fig. S2. Potential time curves obtained at different current densities on Ag substrates in AlCl3-EMImCl ionic liquid at 85°C.
  • Fig. S3. SEM image of Al deposit formed at a current density of −10 mA cm−2.
  • Fig. S4. SEM images of Al interface and screen-printed Ag substrate.
  • Fig. S5. Supercell used in bulk defect calculations and different combinations of twinning.
  • Fig. S6. Nanoindentation on cross sections obtained on electrodeposited Al sample and a commercial high-purity Al foil.
  • Table S1. Average composition measured by EDS from the top-view TEM sample.
  • Table S2. Calculated lattice constants, cohesive energies, twin formation energy, and intrinsic stacking fault energy.
  • References (4952)

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