Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • Fig. S1. Relationship between the visual cues and the fly’s body translational kinematics.
  • Fig. S2. Sketches of flight sequences of two failed landing attempts and the corresponding kinematics.
  • Fig. S3. Time traces of body kinematics of landing maneuvers dominated by pitch and roll.
  • Fig. S4. The pitch rotation in inverted landings is triggered when RREV exceeds a threshold.
  • Fig. S5. The roll rotation in inverted landings is triggered when RREV exceeds a threshold.
  • Fig. S6. Correlations between visual or mechanosensory cues to the pitch rate of the rotational maneuvers.
  • Fig. S7. Correlations between visual or mechanosensory cues to the roll rate of the rotational maneuvers.
  • Fig. S8. Linear regressions between peak pitch (or roll) rate and sensory cues at an example time instant of 20 ms before the time instant of the peak pitch (or roll) rate.
  • Fig. S9. The wing kinematics that generate upward acceleration prior to rotational maneuvers are defined as the reference wing kinematics.
  • Table S1. Categorized landing trials.
  • Legends for tables S2 and S3
  • Legends for movies S1 to S9
  • References (51, 52)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Table S2 (Microsoft Excel format). The Pearson’s linear correlation coefficient and P value between body rotation variables and multiple sensory cues at an example time instant of 20 ms before peak of rotation rate.
  • Table S3 (Microsoft Excel format). The Pearson’s linear correlation coefficient and P value between body kinematic variables and the changes of wing kinematic variables.
  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example pitch-dominated landing (PD) shown in Fig. 1D.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example roll-dominated landing (RD) shown in Fig. 1E.
  • Movie S3 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example longitudinal-body-swing-dominated landing (SLon) shown in Fig. 1F.
  • Movie S4 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example lateral-body-swing-dominated landing (SLat).
  • Movie S5 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example pitch-roll combined landing (PR).
  • Movie S6 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example landing with ceiling groping (CG).
  • Movie S7 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example failed landing due to early body rotation (FER) shown in fig. S2A.
  • Movie S8 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example failed landing due to low body inversion with delayed leg extension (FDE) shown in fig. S2B.
  • Movie S9 (.mp4 format). High-speed video recordings of an example failed landing due to low body inversion with minor body rotation (FMR).

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