Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. GPA of PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices.
  • Fig. S2. Bond length analysis for polar vortex.
  • Fig. S3. An iDPC image of (SrTiO3)10/(PbTiO3)10 superlattices with illustrated PbTiO3 and SrTiO3 layers.
  • Fig. S4. Atomically resolved iDPC images of PbTiO3/SrTiO3 thin films.
  • Fig. S5. Polarization measurement based on cation-cation atomic positions in the HAADF image.
  • Fig. S6. Quantification of polarization distribution for PbTiO3/SrTiO3 thin films based on the cation-anion atomic positions in the iDPC image.
  • References (3338)

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