Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Spin-torque efficiency
  • Section S2. X-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron measurements
  • Section S3. Interface SOTs
  • Section S4. Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance for the Ni81Fe19/Cu/CuOx trilayer
  • Section S5. Magnetic damping constant
  • Section S6. Interface oxidation level characterized by x-ray reflectivity
  • Fig. S1. Characterization of CuOx films.
  • Fig. S2. Interface SOTs.
  • Fig. S3. ST-FMR for trilayer.
  • Fig. S4. Magnetic damping constant.
  • Fig. S5. X-ray reflectivity.
  • Fig. S6. Auger electron spectroscopy.
  • References (4144)

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