Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

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  • Fig. S1. Nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm and the pore size distribution of the SiO2 support.
  • Fig. S2. The analyses of the liquid and gaseous product obtained from the transformation of anisole over the RuW/SiO2 catalyst.
  • Fig. S3. EDS elemental mapping analysis of the RuW/SiO2 catalyst.
  • Fig. S4. XANES and FT-EXAFS spectra of RuW/SiO2 catalyst.
  • Fig. S5. Proposed path II mechanism for SSH reaction and DFT optimized geometries in the proposed mechanism.
  • Fig. S6. Identification of formaldehyde and origination of the negatively charged hydrogen in hydrogenolysis.
  • Fig. S7. Optimization of reaction conditions over RuW/SiO2 catalyst, recyclability and stability of RuW/SiO2 catalyst.
  • Fig. S8. 2D HSQC NMR spectra of the kraft lignin before and after the transformation with RuW/SiO2 catalyst.
  • Fig. S9. GC trace of liquid products generated from the transformation of the kraft lignin.
  • Table S1. Results for the transformation of anisole in different solvent systems.
  • Table S2. Structure parameters of the RuW/SiO2 catalyst extracted from the EXAFS fitting.
  • Table S3. Results for the transformation of substrates over the RuW/SiO2 catalyst.
  • Table S4. Elemental analysis of the kraft lignin sample.
  • Reference (59)

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