Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDFset includes:

  • Note S1. Theory for magnetic field–induced structural deformations of the magnetoresponsive material
  • Note S2. Theory for structure deformation–induced fluid field (fluid-structure interactions)
  • Note S3. Characterization of the flow over the undulatory surface
  • Fig. S1. A schematic showing the experiment setup together with geometries of the dynamic undulatory composite.
  • Fig. S2. FEA for the dynamic undulatory wave under a controlled magnetic field.
  • Fig. S3. A schematic illustration describing the terms of depth (H) and period (T) of the topographical wave.
  • Fig. S4. FEA of the fluid velocity field and the path lines on the dynamic undulatory composite.
  • Fig. S5. Quantitative analysis of bacterial trajectories on the dynamic undulatory composite.
  • Fig. S6. FEA of the fluid flow on the dynamic undulatory composite with different wave depth (H) and period (T).
  • Fig. S7. Anti-biofilm assays for four different types of surfaces under various static and dynamic conditions.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S4

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.avi format). Real-time monochromic video recording of undulatory surface waves of the composite generated by the translation of a permanent magnet.
  • Movie S2 (.avi format). Real-time fluorescence video recording of undulatory surface waves of the composite generated by the translation of a permanent magnet.
  • Movie S3 (.avi format). Real-time video recording of traced E. coli on the static control surface.
  • Movie S4 (.avi format). Real-time video recording of traced E. coli on the dynamic undulatory surface.

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