Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDFset includes:

  • Continuum simulations
  • Estimation of the grain boundary free energies
  • Fig. S1. Pattern characteristics.
  • Fig. S2. Schematic for estimating the grain boundary energies.
  • Fig. S3. Grain boundary variation during phase transition by heating.
  • Fig. S4. Lateral dimension of grain boundary.
  • Fig. S5. Binary array pattern during phase transitions by thermal process.
  • Fig. S6. Martensitic transformations during cooling process.
  • Fig. S7. Simulated optical diffraction patterns.
  • Legend for movie S1
  • References (3133)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). C-shaped grain-boundary under electric field.

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