Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDFset includes:

  • Fig. S1. Photographic images of MAPbI3 solutions prepared by dissolving in 2-ME or ACN/2-ME solvent at room temperature and then heated to 80°C.
  • Fig. S2. SEM images of N2 knife–assisted blade-coated perovskite films using DMF, GBL, 2-ME, ACN:2-ME, and ACN:2-ME:GBL as solvents.
  • Fig. S3. XRD spectra of as-coated films deposited from DMF-, GBL-, or 2-ME–based solutions.
  • Fig. S4. UV-vis absorption spectra of perovskite precursor solution based on VNCS with a little DMSO added.
  • Fig. S5. Viscosity of ACN, 2-ME, and DMSO solvents.
  • Fig. S6. The efficiency uniformity over a perovskite module.
  • Fig. S7. NREL certification of a perovskite submodule with an aperture area of 63.7 cm2 and a stabilized efficiency of 16.4%.
  • Fig. S8. The performance of a perovskite module under low intensity sun light illumination.
  • Fig. S9. The performance of a perovskite module at elevated temperatures.
  • Fig. S10. The performance of a perovskite module experiencing shading effect.
  • Legend for movie S1

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Room-temperature blade coating of perovskite film at 99 mm/s.

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