Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Additional information on Materials and Methods
  • Section S2. Descriptive statistics
  • Section S3. Supplementary Text
  • Fig. S1. Sample leaflet sent out to voters.
  • Fig. S2. Match rate for archival and OASI data in close referendums.
  • Fig. S3. Frequency of referendum vote shares.
  • Fig. S4. Covariate balance for RD design.
  • Fig. S5. Regression estimates without CPI adjustment to earnings (CHF).
  • Fig. S6. Robustness of DD results to alternative bandwidths.
  • Fig. S7. Robustness of RD results to alternative bandwidths.
  • Fig. S8. RD plot for postreferendum attrition.
  • Table S1. Match rate for archival and OASI data across covariates.
  • Table S2. Variable definitions.
  • Table S3. Descriptive statistics for RD sample.
  • Table S4. Descriptive statistics for DD sample.
  • Table S5. Effect of referendum success on earnings, DD design.
  • Table S6. Effect of referendum success on earnings, RD design.
  • Table S7. DD results without CPI adjustments to earnings (CHF).
  • Table S8. RD results without CPI adjustment to earnings (CHF).
  • Table S9. DD results without applicants with self-employment earnings.
  • Table S10. RD results without applicants with self-employment earnings.
  • Table S11. DD results with years since referendum and year fixed effects.
  • Table S12. RD results without covariates.
  • Table S13. RD results with difference-in-means specification.
  • Table S14. RD results with difference-in-means specification and without covariates.
  • Table S15. RD results with unrealistic referendum age values recoded.
  • Table S16. RD results excluding applicants with unrealistic referendum age values.
  • Table S17. DD results excluding applicants with zero earnings in all years.
  • Table S18. RD results excluding applicants with zero earnings in all years.
  • Table S19. DD results including observations after retirement age.
  • Table S20. RD design results including earnings after retirement age.
  • Table S21. Effects of referendum success for applicants from marginalized origin countries.
  • Table S22. Effects of referendum success by gender.
  • Table S23. Effect of referendum success on earnings by earnings quantile, DD design.
  • Table S24. Effect of referendum success on postreferendum attrition, RD design.
  • Table S25. Effect of referendum success on unemployment, DD design.
  • Table S26. Effect of referendum success on unemployment, RD design.
  • Table S27. Effect of referendum success on receiving disability benefits, DD design.
  • Table S28. Effect of referendum success on receiving disability benefits, RD design.
  • Table S29. Effect of referendum success on early retirement.
  • Table S30. Effect of referendum success on citizenship according to CCO records.
  • Table S31. Effect of referendum success on citizenship according to survey responses.
  • Table S32. Characteristics of ballot box municipalities.

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