Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Table S1. Consumptions in thermal process.
  • Table S2. Prices of the bio-chemicals (found in the quotes online).
  • Table S3. Prices of products of the system-B (US$/dry rice husk metric ton).
  • Table S4. Estimated available biomass residues (Qar) and bio-coal (Qbc) amount (million tons).
  • Table S5. Ultimate and proximate analyses of rice husk (weight %, on dry basis).
  • Table S6. Ultimate analyses of products of fast pyrolysis.
  • Fig. S1. SEM images of the bio-coal derived from rice husk.
  • Fig. S2. Photographs of the five typical biomass wastes used in this work.
  • Fig. S3. FTIR spectra of the five bio-coals derived from the typical biomass wastes.
  • Fig. S4. Compositional variations of products after atmospheric distillation.

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