Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • Fig. S1Comparisons of the simulation skill for the ENSO-related precipitation and SST anomalies between ESPPE and CMIP5 models by Taylor diagrams.
  • Fig. S2. Budget analysis of the moisture (eq. S1).
  • Fig. S3. Linear decomposition of change in vertically integrated vertical advection of climatological humidity by anomalous vertical motion under global warming.
  • Fig. S4. Derivation of deep and shallow modes of vertical motions and horizontal convergences over the tropical oceans (20°S to 20°N).
  • Fig. S5. Changes in ENSO-driven boundary-layer wind (vector, m s−1) and convergence anomalies (shading, 10−6 s−1) under global warming estimated by the MLM.
  • Fig. S6. Budget analysis of the MSE (eq. S6).
  • Fig. S7. Physical processes responsible for the change in the vertically integrated vertical advection of mean MSE by anomalous vertical motions associated with the change in deep-mode amplitude ( ΔσdΩdph¯) over the equatorial CEP.
  • Fig. S8. Decomposition of the change in vertically integrated horizontal advection of mean moist enthalpy by ENSO-related wind anomalies ( Δuhk¯).
  • Fig. S9. Simulated changes in the ENSO-driven D(0)JF(1)-mean precipitation and SST anomalies under global warming in 31 CMIP5 models.
  • Fig. S10. Scatter diagram for changes in divergence of meridional gradient of SST anomalies averaged in 4°N to 4°S, 170° to 120°W (ordinate axis) versus change in local surface convergence anomalies (abscissa axis) derived from the 31 CMIP5 models.
  • References (6268)

Download PDF

Files in this Data Supplement: