Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Observed waviness as a function of latitude and year.
  • Fig. S2. Observed trends in waviness over the North American–Atlantic region.
  • Fig. S3. Short-term observed trends in waviness.
  • Fig. S4. Observed trends in waviness from additional metrics across all seasons.
  • Fig. S5. Zonal mean temperature response to sea ice loss and global warming.
  • Fig. S6. Daily lead-lag correlations between waviness and meridional near-surface temperature gradient.

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