Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Optical micrographs of the fabricated square templates
  • Section S2. Reproducibility of the data
  • Section S3. Measurement of deposition flux F
  • Section S4. Island dynamics in the early stages of growth (Θ = 0.22 ML)
  • Section S5. Identification of crystalline domains
  • Section S6. Numerical simulations of stripe formation
  • Section S7. Variation of stripe thickness with increasing compressive strain
  • Section S8. Determining onset of second-layer nucleation
  • Section S9. Diffusivity and activation barrier for monomers on the substrate
  • Section S10. Estimation of intralayer diffusion barrier
  • Section S11. Mean squared displacement of the particles on pseudomorphic regions
  • Section S12. Step-edge barrier and film growth
  • Section S13. Laterally ordered defect-free three-dimensional pyramidal island formation
  • Section S14. Strain relaxation at different Fs for the same ϵ
  • Section S15. Final stages of film growth for various ϵs
  • Section S16. Fabrication of strained square Moiré templates
  • Fig. S1. Optical micrographs of the fabricated square templates.
  • Fig. S2. Particle deposition rate.
  • Fig. S3. Island growth at precoalescence regime.
  • Fig. S4. Periodic array of soliton formation.
  • Fig. S5. Energy of reconstructed solutions for different k and r values.
  • Fig. S6. Variation of stripe thickness with strain.
  • Fig. S7. Method to determine the onset of second-layer nucleation.
  • Fig. S8. Diffusivities (D) and energy barriers (Ea) versus ϵ.
  • Fig. S9. Method to estimate intralayer diffusion barrier.
  • Fig. S10. MSDs (rescaled by σ2) of monomers diffusing on top of the pseudomorphic regions of the first layer for different ϵs.
  • Fig. S11. Estimation of critical island radius Rc and mean island spacing L.
  • Fig. S12. Snapshots of the first, second, and third layers of the film for ϵ = −4.4%.
  • Fig. S13. Lateral ordering of the pseudomorphic domains in extended field of view.
  • Fig. S14. Film growth over a range of F for the same ϵ.
  • Fig. S15. Final stages of film growth for various ϵs.
  • Fig. S16. Transient hexagonal crystallite formation for ϵ = 4.4%.
  • Fig. S17. Strained square Moiré template and formation of hierarchically ordered structures.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S8
  • References (4751)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mov format). Activated hopping of the adcolloids on the substrate.
  • Movie S2 (.mov format). Vibration of the first-layer particles for different ϵs.
  • Movie S3 (.mov format). “Adcolloid” exchange mediated intralayer diffusion process.
  • Movie S4 (.mov format). Step-edge descent of the adcolloid from the second layer.
  • Movie S5 (.mov format). Periodic strain-relief pattern formation in the wetting layer.
  • Movie S6 (.mov format). Reverse hopping of the particles leads to the growth of three-dimensional pyramidal islands.
  • Movie S7 (.mov format). Coalescence of domains that grew out from random locations on the substrate.
  • Movie S8 (.mov format). Cooperative rearrangement of a 10-particle cluster.

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