Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Note S1. Membrane permeability measurement
  • Note S2. Measurement uncertainty analysis
  • Note S3. Solute transport through the condensing side
  • Note S4. Exergy analysis of the passive cooler
  • Note S5. Comparison with other passive cooling approaches
  • Note S6. Details on the coupling between passive distiller and cooler
  • Note S7. Coefficient of performance
  • Note S8. Coupling with high-salinity brines produced by different desalination technologies
  • Note S9. Cost analysis of the laboratory-scale prototypes
  • Note S10. Considerations on environmental and life-cycle analysis issues of the passive cooler
  • Note S11. Cooling performance of the device under the sun
  • Note S12. Durability and corrosion of the passive cooler
  • Note S13. Boundary effects on the temperature field in the evaporator
  • Fig. S1. Experimental setup to measure cooling capacity.
  • Fig. S2. Assembly of the passive cooling device.
  • Fig. S3. Natural mass transport phenomena in the present passive cooler.
  • Fig. S4. Distillate consumption by the passive cooler.
  • Fig. S5. Experimental results and modeling predictions of membrane permeability.
  • Fig. S6. Possible spacer for enhancing the cooler performance.
  • Fig. S7. Distillate consumption by the passive cooler for different air gaps.
  • Fig. S8. Qualitative thermodynamic cycle of a passive solar cooling cycle.
  • Fig. S9. Coupling between the passive cooler and distiller to implement a stable cooling cycle.
  • Fig. S10. Mirror screening of the cooler exposed to the sun.
  • Fig. S11. SIMSCAPE implementation of the mirror screening of the cooler exposed to the sun.
  • Fig. S12. Lumped model for the heat transfer in the passive cooler.
  • Fig. S13. Temperature profiles across the cooling stages in case of a 1-, 4-, and 10-stage configuration device.
  • Fig. S14. Results of the finite element model for the hydrophilic layer (evaporator).
  • Fig. S15. Passive cooler operating with high-salinity brines produced by different desalination technologies.
  • Table S1. Uncertainties in the theoretical model.
  • Table S2. Exergy performance of the passive cooler with different number of stages.
  • Table S3. Estimated costs for the prototype of passive cooler.
  • Table S4. Estimated costs for the prototype of passive distiller considered here to implement a solar cooling cycle.
  • Table S5. Parameters considered for the simulations of the cooler performance under the sun.
  • References (4175)

Download PDF

Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Dataset S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Experimental raw data of tests with NaCl.
  • Dataset S2 (Microsoft Excel format). Experimental raw data of tests with CaCl2.

Files in this Data Supplement: