Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Evaluation of the historical SASM rainfall in MPI-ESM.
  • Fig. S2. IPO indices and the associated SST anomalies.
  • Fig. S3. The leading intermember EOF pattern of the SASM rainfall trends and the associated SST trend.
  • Fig. S4. Trends of IPO indices.
  • Fig. S5. Analogs among the 100 MPI-ESM ensemble members based on the IPO index trends.
  • Fig. S6. The influence of IPO evolution on the SASM rainfall trends projection uncertainty under the RCP4.5 scenario.
  • Fig. S7. The influence of IPO transition on the SASM rainfall trends projection uncertainty during 2016–2030 under the RCP8.5 scenario.
  • Fig. S8. The trend uncertainty in the SASM rainfall and the associated SST trends under the RCP8.5 scenario in CanESM2.
  • Fig. S9. AMO-related SASM rainfall and SST anomalies in the observations and MPI-ESM.
  • Fig. S10. SASM rainfall trend during 2016–2045 under the RCP8.5 scenario without influences of the AMO.

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