Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Microfabrication process of silica-GEMS
  • Section S2. MVD of FDTS on silica surfaces
  • Section S3. The Cassie-Baxter model
  • Section S4. Experimental setup
  • Section S5. Bubble dynamics close to GEMS coated with FDTS
  • Section S6. Details on the numerical simulation
  • Section S7. Movies
  • Fig. S1. Schematic of the microfabrication process of silica-GEMS.
  • Fig. S2. Schematic of the FDTS deposited onto silica-GEMS.
  • Fig. S3. Schematic representation of silica-GEMS with mushroom-shaped cavities.
  • Fig. S4. Schematic representation of meniscus displacement if an external pressure is applied onto the liquid or if the trapped air is lost by dissolution in water.
  • Fig. S5. Schematic illustration of the laser confocal microscope experiment.
  • Fig. S6. Schematic diagram of the bubble cavitation test section.
  • Fig. S7. Bubble dynamics of a cavitation bubble next to FDTS-coated silica-GEMS.
  • Fig. S8. FDTS-coated silica-GEMS.
  • Fig. S9. Selected frames of a cavitation bubble created near partially filled microcavities.
  • Fig. S10. Selected frames of microcavity deactivation for different γ values.
  • Fig. S11. Schematic representation of the geometry of the numerical simulation.
  • Table S1. Table listing the major design parameters for the cavities depicted in fig. S3.
  • Table S2. A summary of contact angle with all samples presented in this work: (θo) intrinsic contact angles, (θr) apparent contact angles, (θA) advancing contact angles, (θR) receding contact angles, and (θPr) predicted contact angles, for water droplets.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S10

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.avi format). Bubble dynamics near a glass substrate, γ = 4.8, Rmax = 630 μm.
  • Movie S2 (.avi format). Side view of bubble dynamics beside an uncoated GEMS, γ = 5.1, Rmax = 610 μm.
  • Movie S3 (.avi format). Front view of bubble dynamics on uncoated GEMS, γ = 5.1, Rmax = 610 μm.
  • Movie S4 (.avi format). Side view of bubble dynamics on coated GEMS, γ = 4.7, Rmax = 600 μm.
  • Movie S5 (.avi format). Front view of bubble dynamics on coated GEMS, γ = 4.7, Rmax = 600 μm.
  • Movie S6 (.avi format). Bubble dynamics on uncoated GEMS, γ = 1.8, Rmax = 530 μm.
  • Movie S7 (.avi format). Bubble dynamics on coated GEMS, γ = 1.7, Rmax = 520 μm.
  • Movie S8 (.avi format). Bubble dynamics on uncoated GEMS, γ = 0.7, Rmax = 430 μm.
  • Movie S9 (.avi format). Bubble dynamics on coated GEMS, γ = 0.7, Rmax = 470 μm.
  • Movie S10 (.avi format). Bubble dynamics on a noncoated GEMS with filled and partially filled microcavities, γ = 2.1, Rmax = 430 μm.

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