RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 Quantized gravitational responses, the sign problem, and quantum complexity
JF Science Advances
JO Sci Adv
FD American Association for the Advancement of Science
SP e1701758
DO 10.1126/sciadv.1701758
VO 3
IS 9
A1 Ringel, Zohar
A1 Kovrizhin, Dmitry L.
YR 2017
UL http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/9/e1701758.abstract
AB It is believed that not all quantum systems can be simulated efficiently using classical computational resources. This notion is supported by the fact that it is not known how to express the partition function in a sign-free manner in quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations for a large number of important problems. The answer to the questionâ€”whether there is a fundamental obstruction to such a sign-free representation in generic quantum systemsâ€”remains unclear. Focusing on systems with bosonic degrees of freedom, we show that quantized gravitational responses appear as obstructions to local sign-free QMC. In condensed matter physics settings, these responses, such as thermal Hall conductance, are associated with fractional quantum Hall effects. We show that similar arguments also hold in the case of spontaneously broken time-reversal (TR) symmetry such as in the chiral phase of a perturbed quantum Kagome antiferromagnet. The connection between quantized gravitational responses and the sign problem is also manifested in certain vertex models, where TR symmetry is preserved.